Singapore decided to comply with strict climate goals as articulated in the COP 26 agreement while keeping a flourishing economy. The objective of this project is to describe, model, evaluate, and rank alternative pathways to ultimately reach the goal of climate neutrality in Singapore in the next 30 to 50 years.
The focus of the work is on new necessary infrastructures to deliver energy to and from Singapore. The development is a competition between renewable and fossil primary energies, different supply regions and the final energy carriers. For each of the most promising sets of options, a scenario is developed in the project.
The specific research questions to be addressed in this project are:
Three scenario families represent possible developments of Singapore’s energy system:
All three-scenario families investigate the possible role of biomass and biofuels in the ASEAN region as supplement for the other energy carriers.
The project consists of four work packages.
This work package covers a detailed analysis of the demand sector in Singapore comprising residential sector, service sector, industrial sector, and transportation sector. The future demand of airport and harbour will be included as well. Annual demand as well as load curves for each sector will be derived giving time characteristics on an hourly basis. Scenario and sensitivity analysis will enlarge the scope of the investigation.
This work package discusses new technologies and analyses the energy pathways using these technologies, with a special emphasis on transport technologies and technologies to produce hydrogen. While the main characteristics of the new technologies are known, many missing details need to be evaluated by simulations. The areas to be covered in this work package are
This work package investigates the production and transport of renewable power and hydrogen from the ASEAN region or Australia to Singapore. Existing tools will be used and enhanced to
This work package develops a picture of Singapore in the world with global trade of green hydrogen and green synfuels. Results of the previous work packages are utilised for this evaluation. Several options for Singapore such as being a hub for green hydrogen or synfuels, or producer of hydrogen will be analysed.