Singapore’s Pathway to Carbon Neutrality Analysis of New Technologies
Prof Thomas Hamacher (Chair of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Systems, TUM) and S Viswanathan (ERI@N, NTU) were recently awarded the Intra-CREATE project starting on 1 October 2022, “Singapore’s Pathway to Carbon Neutrality Analysis of New Technologies”. The project The Principal Scientist coordinating the project is Dr Tobias Massier from TUMCREATE. This is a 3 year Intra-CREATE project in collaboration with NTU to address Singapore’s energy future and the project will be based in Singapore. This project is aligned with Singapore’s commitment to sustainable development and achieving long-term net-zero emissions.
Emissions in Singapore are dominated by the power generation, industry and transport sectors. The most significant component is carbon dioxide, primarily from burning fossil fuels in our cars, trucks, ships, trains and planes in the Transport sector, while the residential and commercial sectors use electricity generated from burning natutal gas in power stations.
Singapore’s mitigation efforts includes improving energy efficiency through several programmes by tapping on four switches to transform our energy supply.
1. Solar to counter the intermittency of renewable energy sources
2. Regional Power Grids to access low-carbon electricity
3. Emerging Low-Carbon Alternatives like the utilization and storage (CCUS) technologies and hydrogen to help reduce carbon footprint
4. Natural Gas produces the least amount of carbon emissions and is currently still the dominant fuel for Singapore.
However, there are still limitations. How does TUMCREATE’s new Singapore’s Pathway to Carbon Neutrality Project Analysis of New Technologies ome in? Three groups of scenarios will be examined.
The first scenario looks at the potential of the development of a global market for hydrogen or synfuels with Singapore as a regional hub for these energy carriers.
The second group assumes intense cooperation of ASEAN countries in the field of energy.
The third group remains in the fossil fuel paradigm but reduces emissions using CCU, CCUS or carbon production with Singapore as the central hub in the ASEAN region.